Frizzy hair is one of the most annoying problems that many women deal with, especially during the hot and humid summer months. Frizzy strands make hair look unattractive and difficult to keep under control. While this hair condition can be irritating, there are effective ways to keep your frizz under control.
Hair gets frizzy when the outer layer of your hair (cuticle) is raised because of dehydration or damage. Ruffled and damaged cuticles cannot lock in the moisture needed to keep hair strength, elasticity, and integrity. Moisture-deprived hair absorbs water from humid air. The porous exterior surface of the hair strand allows moisture from the atmosphere to pass through, causing the hair strands to swell or bend, creating a frizzy look.
Before trying to prevent or tame frizz, you need to understand what causes your hair to look frizzy.
What Causes Frizzy Hair?
The Environment: Changes in humidity levels make hair look frizzy and lose its smooth texture and shine. Humid air, wind, and UV radiation are the most common frizz-causing environmental factors. Heated indoor air also causes styling problems, such as flyaway hair.
Genetics: Naturally dry, delicate hair can be inherited. Different hair types have different reactions when exposed to humidity. Curly hair is dry because it lacks protective oils that provide a barrier against humidity. Dry hair has a tendency to suck up moisture and turn frizzy.
Hair care regimen: Some hair care and hair styling practices like over-washing or using excessive heat, can lead to dryness, damage, and breakage, contributing to the appearance of frizz.
Chemical treatments: Other sources of frizz are chemical hair treatments, like hair coloring, bleaching, and perming. Using too many chemicals can strip the hair of protective oils and damage the cuticle layer that assists in the moisture retention process. Over-processed hair is dry and porous and readily absorbs the moisture from humid air.
How to Prevent Frizzy Hair?
To find a solution to problems with frizz, you have to deal with the root causes of frizzy hair. Here are a few guidelines to make changes in your current routine that will help prevent frizz from developing and help you get sleeker-looking hair.
Decrease the Frequency of Shampooing
Don’t wash your hair on a daily basis. Over-washing can strip hair of its natural oils, which help control and prevent frizz. For people with normal to dry hair, it is advisable to wash their hair twice a week at most, using a gentle, sulfate-free shampoo. Don’t rinse your hair with hot water after using shampoo and conditioner, as hot water raises the cuticle and causes frizz.
Avoid Excessive Brushing
Avoid using a hairbrush for combing your hair. Brushing, especially when using a plastic comb, can disrupt the hair cuticle, producing hair static. Excessive brushing also stretches hair strands, which may lead to breakage. Breakage leaves twisted hair pieces that add to the frizzy appearance.
Don’t Rub Your Hair with a Towel
Rough-drying with a towel after washing hair can disturb the cuticle and create frizz. Instead, gently squeeze excess water from your hair and wrap it in a microfiber towel or a T-shirt to soak up moisture, keeping the cuticle smooth.
Avoid Alcohol-containing Products
Alcohol and other preservatives are often used in hair products to extend their shelf life. Alcohol-filled hair styling products can dry hair, causing the appearance of frizz. To reduce frizz, switch to alcohol-free styling products.
Be Careful with Flat Ironing
If possible, stop using hot styling tools and take care of your hair naturally. If you use a flat iron, start at a low-temperature setting and don’t exceed 365 F to avoid damage from excess heat.
Protect Your Hair from Environmental Factors
To prevent frizz, avoid exposing your hair to the wind and humidity. Put your hair in a bun or pull it up into a ponytail on windy or humid days.
Before you go swimming, protect your hair from the chlorine, which strips the hair of natural oils, resulting in dryness and damage. Saturate your hair with fresh water before you enter the pool and rinse your hair after you finish swimming.
How to Tame Frizzy Hair
Use Conditioner after Every Shampoo
Use a hydrating rinse-out conditioner after every shampoo to smooth the cuticle and keep the hair well-moisturized. Rinsing with cool to moderately warm water will flatten the hair cuticle and prevent a frizzy look.
Dry the Hair Correctly
Let your hair air-dry 90 percent of the way before you blow-dry. Select a hairdryer with ionizing technology that helps reduce static electricity. Use low-temperature settings and blow dry in a downward motion to smooth the cuticles and prevent the hair from developing frizz.
Use a deep-conditioning treatment once a week to infuse your dry hair with moisture, repair damaged strands, and increase softness and shine. Use packs with potent moisturizing ingredients, such as olive, avocado, and jojoba oils. Doing hot-oil treatments also helps keep your hair moisturized and frizz-free.
Apply a leave-in conditioner to damp hair to remove tangles gently and prevent damage from combing. A leave-in conditioner fills your locks with extra moisture and helps smooth frizzy strands.
Use a Wide-toothed Comb
Gently comb your hair while it is still wet, using a wide-toothed comb, to reduce breakage. Avoid using plastic combs or brushes to keep static away from your hair.
Frizzy Hair Tamers
You can use anti-frizz styling products, such as anti-frizz serums and hair-sprays that contain water-soluble silicones (Dimethicone Copolyol and Cyclomethicone). Those products coat your hair with a thin film, which acts as a barrier between the hair strands and outdoor humidity.
However, keep in mind that silicone-based products are made to hide damage temporarily, rather than repair it. Styling products that contain heavy silicones (Dimethicone and Amodimethicones) can build up in your hair. To remove product residue, you will have to use sulfate-containing clarifying shampoo.
Use Natural Oils
Natural oils, like Argan oil, almond oil, and coconut oil, help trap moisture inside, tame static and frizz, while giving your hair a healthy shine. Apply a dime-size amount of oil to clean, damp hair, preferably at the ends. These nourishing oils differ from heavy synthetic products because they are absorbed into the hair and help repair hair damage, instead of just covering it.
Cotton pillowcases suck up the moisture from your hair. Satin or silk pillowcases are smoother and gentler to hair, which helps retain moisture and reduce frizz-causing friction.
Remove Damaged Hair
Trim your hair on a regular basis to remove damaged ends. Damaged hair is more prone to develop frizz than healthy and well-nourished hair.
In-salon Frizz Fighting Treatments
Keratin Hair Treatment
This procedure involves the application of liquid keratin into the hair and intense flat iron heat to seal the treatment. Keratin products coat the hair strands and eliminate frizz, creating a straight, smooth, and easy to style hair.
Brazilian Blow Out
This hair smoothing treatment infuses keratin proteins into the cuticle to make strands smoother, shinier, and less frizzy.
Hair Botox is a new ultra-nourishing technology that uses organic compounds to restore damaged hair. The formula contains molecules that penetrate the hair shaft to repair damaged fibers, seal the gaps, and flatten ruffled cuticles.