Common Causes of Damaged Hair
Excessive chemical treatments such as perms, relaxers, color treatments, and bleaching can change the structure of your hair, leaving it drier, weaker, and more prone to breakage.
Everyday manipulation like vigorous brushing and backcombing can lift and tear the naturally smooth cuticle layer, resulting in dry, unmanageable, and frizzy hair.
Exposure to high heat from hairdryers and styling tools will also lead to damaged and weakened hair.
Other sources of hair damage include sun exposure, chlorine, hard water, and internal causes such as aging, stress, and unbalanced diets.
How can you tell if your hair is suffering? By how it looks and feels.
How the Damage Affects Your Hair
Common signs that your hair is damaged include dryness, dulling, split ends, limpness, brittle texture, and hair loss.
When your hair is damaged, the outermost hydro-lipid layer disappears, and that’s your hair’s natural protective barrier. When your hair is stripped of its natural oils, it loses its natural luster and appears dull and lifeless.
On a micro-level, the scales along the damaged hair shaft are chipped and raised, leaving the inner hair structure vulnerable to damage. The damaged cuticle layer allows the moisture to evaporate, making your hair dry, brittle, and susceptible to frizz in humid weather.
Once the disulfide bonds responsible for hair strength are broken, your hair becomes weak, fragile, and prone to breakage.
But don’t despair, because these problems have solutions. You won’t be sentenced to months of tired, sad, lifeless-looking hair.
New Approaches to Restoring Damaged Hair
Customers are becoming more concerned about their hair health, so treatments for damaged hair are in growing demand in the women’s haircare market. To respond to market demand, cosmetic science has been developing new salon treatments and products that help to repair the damage and give you beautiful, healthier-looking hair.
Salon Treatments for Damaged Hair
1. L’Oréal Professional PRO FIBER Reconstruct Treatment
Pro Fiber hair care treatment is an in-salon reconstructing protocol that offers a range of three targeted treatments (Revive, Restore, and Recover) for different levels of hair damage. This treatment system contains the APTYL 100 complex that can penetrate deep inside hair fibers and stay in the hair for several shampoos.
Your hairdresser will evaluate the level and type of hair damage to adapt the treatment to your hair’s needs.
The procedure: Your hair is cleansed with L’OREAL Professional Restore Shampoo. A single dose of the appropriate treatment is applied and worked into the sections of your hair. Loreal Fiber Renew Masque is then applied as another layer on top of the treatment and left on for 5 minutes. A little water is added to emulsify the product. After 5 minutes, your hair is rinsed thoroughly.
The treatment results in re-plumped, healthy-looking, shiny hair.
Home care: Your hairdresser will also make suggestions for at-home follow up, so you can maintain and prolong the results with your at-home Pro Fiber hair care regimen.
2. REDKEN Heatcure Professional In-Salon Service
Redken has introduced a new Heatcure Professional heat-activated salon service designed to instantly reverse the damage and restore damaged and overly-processed hair. The restorative formula utilizes a blend of proteins, plant oils, low-melting-point waxes, and cationic conditioners. This formula can be activated with a specially-designed flat iron that is safe for use on damp hair because it maintains a constant temperature of 284°F throughout the service.
The Heatcure Professional Restoration Formula is applied to freshly washed and towel-dried hair. Your stylist will glide the flat iron through your hair to activate the restorative formula. The heat-activated, protein-rich formula penetrates into the hair’s cortex to restore damage while smoothing the cuticle and infusing the hair with shine.
This salon treatment will make your hair look and feel healthier for up to 10 washes.
The care continues with the Heatcure at-home Self Heating Mask that can be applied to your hair on a weekly basis to prolong the service benefits and keep your hair looking healthy and shiny.
3. Kerastase Fusio-Dose Treatments
Fusio-Dose treatments use a mix of active ingredients customized to work for your hair’s unique needs. There is a wide range of possible combinations depending on your hair type and condition. The highly-concentrated product claims to provide instant fiber transformation, and the treatment takes only about 5 minutes.
Your hairstylist will use the Kerastase diagnostic camera to examine your hair.
After getting a professional diagnosis, your hairstylist will create a super-concentrated custom blend of active ingredients that is adapted to your hair’s needs. The treatment is massaged into your freshly washed hair and left for 5 minutes, and the effects last for several shampoos.
Your stylist will also prescribe a take-home kit with 4 personalized at-home applications to prolong the effects until your next salon visit.
4. Shiseido Ultimate 5-Step Cosmetic Procedure
Shiseido has developed a unique technology that is focused on calcium buildup on the hair which makes it feel dry, weighed down, and unmanageable. Shiseido’s repair treatment thoroughly removes the calcium deposits from the hair, then infuses it with vitamins and other active agents to restore lifeless tresses into softer, more manageable hair.
Step 1: Surface Peeling using a special cleanser to remove buildup from the hair surface.
Step 2: Deep Purifying eliminates the accumulation of calcium ions inside the hair.
Step 3: Shiseido repairing treatment repairs the hair surface for softer, smoother, and more manageable hair.
Step 4: A deep repair treatment infuses hair with intensive agents to deeply repair hair and improve its texture.
Step 5: Triple-layer micro-coating, made up of Collagen, S-Hyaluronic Acid and Hydrophobic Amino Acid protects the results and leaves hair moist and conditioned.
5. Olaplex Bond Repairing Treatment
Most products that have been advertised to repair damaged hair just temporarily smooth the strands by filling in cracks in the cuticle layer without affecting the inner hair structure.
Olaplex is the first salon system that has the ability to reconnect damaged bonds in your hair that have been broken by heat styling, coloring, and chemical processing. By rebuilding broken disulfide bonds, Olaplex treatment restores the integrity of your hair from within.
The Olaplex system includes three products. Olaplex no1 and No2 are used by a hair professional during salon reparative treatment. The No. 1 Bond Multiplier can also be used as a color additive to reduce damage by repairing hair bonds during coloring. Olaplex No 3 is a less concentrated, at-home product that is supposed to be used once a week before shampooing to provide continuous protection from damage.